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Client Type : Multilateral and Bi-lateral Agencies
Practice Area : Development Sector Consulting
Project Type : Knowledge Management , Research
Project Status : Completed Projects
Sectors : Natural Resources (Forests, Agriculture, Water and Land) , Public Health (Water and Sanitation, Health and Hygiene) , Gender

Client: The World Bank

Timelines: 2012-2013,

Scale: Bihar, UP, Jharkhand, and Assam

Objective: The World Bank engaged with the Ministry of Drinking Water Supply & Sanitation (MoDWS), Government of India, in preparing and implementing a Rural Water Supply and Sanitation Project or Low-income States (RWSSP- LS), with Phase I Program for USD 1 billion (USD 500 million IDA and USD 500 million GoI counterpart funding). The key objective of the program was to improve piped water coverage integrated with sanitation services through decentralized service delivery systems. This program would be implemented through a special window of assistance under the National Rural Drinking Water Program (NRDWP). Four States (Bihar, UP, Jharkhand, and Assam) were taken up as part of the Phase I Program.
As a part of the program preparation, a number of studies and assessments were planned

  • One such activity relates to ‘sanitation’, encompassing all aspects related to personal, household and community hygiene and the linkages thereof with health and nutrition.
  • Other activity relates to ‘Gender’, to identify and address inter-relationships between men and women in the context of designing and implementing water supply and sanitation activities

NRMC India’s Role: World Bank awarded the contract to develop the ‘sanitation’ and ‘gender’ component to NR Management Consultants. The objective of the assignment is to generate information essential for the design of ‘sanitation’ and ‘gender’ component, as part of meeting the overall RWSS program requirements, with a vision to accelerate effective and sustainable sanitation coverage.
The study covered 4 states- Bihar, UP, Jharkhand, and Assam

The assessment covered all aspects of sanitation–personal, household and community. It provided both quantitative and qualitative information with quantitative component measuring the ‘infrastructural coverage’ and the qualitative component providing an insight into community satisfaction levels and the expectations thereof.

Further, the task involved development of a Gender Sensitive Water and Sanitation Strategy. This included:

  • Conduction of a comprehensive Gender Analysis at different levels – household, village/ community, Gram Panchayat, District, State and National
  • Preparation of a draft action plan to address the issues.
  • Preparation of a Strategy and Implementation Action Plan – highlighting the interventions in the spheres of Policy, Institutions, Implementation Arrangements, Capacity Building, Communications, and Technology.
  • Identification of research and development requirements contextualizing the state situation.
Development of a results framework detailing monitoring and evaluation arrangements along with appropriate performance indicators was developed in a water-sanitation-health-nutrition framework.